Documentary directed by Professor Al Gedicks about the diverse coalition of environmental activists that fought together to successfully defeat the Exxon and Rio Algom proposed copper-zinc metallic sulfide mine and toxic waste dump on the banks of the Wolf River, in Crandon, northern Wisconsin.
This film was digitized into three parts through support from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for the Humanities
A short film made by Claudia Delgado for the National History Day project. The video provides some historical and cultural context behind the alliance against Exxon’s proposed Crandon mine at the headwaters of the Wolf River.
Artwork by Susan Simensky Bietila is included in this film: the Tommy Thompson jester puppet, the BAN CYANIDE banner and the installation of Tombstones dedicated to rivers poisoned by mining. Included are pages from the drawn stories, A Northwoods Tale and Water Protectors. You can see the entire stories at art-as-activism.blogspot and in World War 3 Illustrated magazine (AK Press). You can also see more of Susan’s work on our blog here.
The second panel, Water Allies of the Wolf River, was moderated by Allison Werner. This panel happened the day after the Dakota Access Pipeline was closed down, which was appropriate timing to talk about water protection and activism. We had three panelists:
Anahkwet (Guy Reiter), a traditional Menominee and executive director of Menikanaehkem Community Rebuilders.
Paula Mohan, a Political Scientist whose research focuses on intergovernmental relationships between tribes and state and federal governments.
Dale Burie, born in Menominee county and president of the Coalition to SAVE the Menominee River.
The three panelists shared their unique experiences of protecting natural resources, specifically water, in Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. A key theme of the panel was that anyone can act for protecting the environment—“you are somebody,” you can do something to help movements you care about move forward.
Guy has been an earth and water protector pretty much since birth. He grew up walking lightly on the earth and trying to understand his relationship with the natural world. The Menominee creation story starts at the mouth of Menominee River, so when the Back Forty Mine was proposed, Guy started to get involved in water protection. He learned about what sulfur mining was, its impacts on the natural world, put on events, and got people talking about the issue. He helped organize a 126-mile water walk over three days from the Menominee reservation to a Menominee sacred site, Keshena Falls, to the mine site. They walked with intent on the Earth, in a way to think about all of the animals, people, things that would be affected by the potential mine.
Dale spoke of how his Christian beliefs drive his mission to preserve and take care of rivers of Wisconsin. He talked about the formation of his organization, the Coalition to SAVE the Menominee River, which just incorporated this past June. Dale said “it isn’t about us anymore, it’s about the next generations.”
Paula got involved in environmental activism in high school when Menominee students were peacefully protesting violent spearfishing opposition by resort owners in Conover, WI. She learned then what it means to be both a water ally and an ally to Indigenous people. She said that “the fact that tribes now have a say in what happens in ceded territory means that that watershed has protection that it would not have had otherwise.” She gave a few recommendations to non-natives that want to get involved in water protection: build strong relationships and allow tribes to lead the way and tell you what they need; learn about the regulatory process and where the weaknesses are; and remember that mining companies cannot compete with the resistance that comes with a hive mind and on multiple fronts.
To get involved—become a volunteer, get vocal through letters, calls, and e-mails, develop a tough skin, and learn how to make this hard work fun. Build relationships with your elected officials from town board all the way to the federal level—they need to know these are issues you care about.
Anahkwet (Guy Reiter) is a traditional Menominee who resides on the Menominee Reservation. He is the executive Director of the Menominee Indian community organization Menikahnaehkem. He is a community organizer, activist, author, amateur archaeologist, lecturer, and member of the Menominee Constitutional Taskforce. Anahkwet has organized many events to uplift communities and demonstrated the richness of Menominee culture. He has lectured at Universities on the connection Menominee Indians have to the Menominee River. He has also written articles for Environmental Health News and others. Anahkwet is an advocate for indigenous people everywhere. When Anahkwet isn’t working you’ll find him enjoying time with his wife and children.
Paula Mohan is a Political Scientist whose research focuses on intergovernmental relationships between tribes and state and federal governments and best to enhance tribal sovereignty within those relationships. She currently teaches in the American Indian Studies program at UW-Madison. Paula is a life-long resident of Wisconsin and grew up in central Wisconsin and later, northern Wisconsin in a community bordering the Lac du Flambeau Ojibwa reservation. She has been an active ally with tribes since high school.
Dale Burie was born in Menominee and is now the president of the River Coalition. He is also a worship leader, musician, and vocalist.
This song was written by Elaine Mayerand performed by Dale & Lea Jane Burie
From the hidden springs of water
In our Upper Michigan,
Wisconsin waters rush to join in
To that sparkling band of water
That's been there forever,
She's our great Menominee River, amen!
[Chorus] We have vowed to defend her
As her enemies go after
All the treasures that lie deep within.
We will fight to protect her
From those who don't respect her,
Our great Menominee River, amen!
She has carried life within her,
Run the paper mills beside her,
She's moved big timber down from the hills.
All the tribes and the trappers
Have their history within her,
Our great Menominee River, amen.
Those foreign hands will kill her
If we don't band together,
She doesn't stand a chance on her own.
There is strength in numbers,
United we can save her,
Our great Menominee River, amen!
She's our great Menominee River, amen!
Just watch her water flowing,
In the morning sun she's glowing,
Our great Menominee River, Amen!
Lyrics and Melody written by Elaine Mayer. All instrumentation and vocals by Dale Burie and Lea Jane Berinati Burie. Produced by Dale Burie and Lea Jane Berinati Burie. Recorded at ‘Tater Patch Recording Studio, Wausaukee, Wisconsin. Copyright and Published by: Dale Burie Music Group, BMI, Nashville, Tennessee.
What happens when something that seems like a gift, turns out to be something else entirely? Some people say sulfide mining brings jobs and an economic boost. In this video, let’s look at what history and science can teach us.